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Colds, sinusitis and allergic rhinitis: What are the differences?

Colds-sinusitis-and-allergic-rhinitis

While some respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, asthma and allergies are well-defined in the popular imagination, colds, sinusitis and allergic rhinitis have inflammation of the airways in which it is easy to become confused. Let’s find out the differences of these diseases.

What is the difference between colds, sinusitis and allergic rhinitis?

The common cold is a viral infection (so is contracted through direct or indirect contagion with another infected person), which affects the nose, throat and airways; It is very common and usually resolves in one or two weeks; It can also be a manifestation of the influence.

The sinusitis, however, is a sinus infection which can be acute or chronic, and that occurs when the sinuses become swollen and inflamed. Sinusitis is usually caused by a virus, and often persists even after other respiratory symptoms resolved. In rare cases, fungi or bacteria can cause an infection of the sinus. Even allergies, nasal polyps, infections to the teeth, or a deviated septum can trigger sinusitis.

Finally, the allergic rhinitis, also called hay fever, occurs when the immune system overreacts to particles in the air that is breathed, (if within them is present an allergen to which it is sensitive). The immune system then causes symptoms such as sneezing and runny nose. The particles are called allergens, which means that they can cause an allergic reaction. Read more

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