Sclerosis bites are a medical treatment used to eliminate and treat varicose veins. Varicose veins are the dilation of the veins in which the blood flows in the opposite direction and in a slow way.
Most women are suffering from it, and in most cases this problem is inherited by a family member. Today, varicose veins can be treated with sclerotherapy, which in many cases is effective and often resolves the problem.
In this article we want to explain what the sclerosis bites are, how they work, what are the advantages and disadvantages and possible contraindications.
What they are the sclerosis punches?
Sclerosis scarring or sclerotherapy is a technique used to eliminate varicose veins. It consists of puncture directly on the varices that by means of a sclerosis liquid damage the venous wall causing an inflammatory reaction that involves re-absorption of the vessel itself. It is generally preferable to undergo sclerosis bites in the cold season to prevent sun rays from creating aesthetically unpleasant pigments on the area of the body that has undergone treatment.
How is preparation for sclerosis therapy?
Sclerosis therapies before being performed require accurate insights into the clinical picture of the patient.
Therefore, the attending physician will submit the patient to an objective examination by which he will evaluate the overall health of the patient and will investigate his clinical history where he will collect all the information about:
- Taking anticoagulants or anti-aggregates or oral contraceptives;
- If you have or suffer from cardiovascular disease;
- If you are allergic to any substance;
- If you smoke;
- If you have already undergone some treatments for veins in the past;
If the physician is to verify the patient’s fitness and therefore the possibility of performing a sclerotherapy, the patient will have to comply with certain precise rules.
The patient should not perform any depilation or apply any depilatory cream up to 24 hours before treatment
Anticoagulant or anti-aggregating drug treatments will be mandatory interrupted one week before treatment to avoid the risk of bleeding.
When performing sclerotherapy?
Generally, those who address a doctor asking for a chance to undergo sclerosis initiation do so for a purely aesthetic factor. However, sclerotherapy is also very useful in vascular and lymphatic malformations.
In particular, it is strongly recommended that you contact a doctor when experiencing pain, burns, and leg cramps . In addition, sclerotherapy is recommended in the following cases:
Varicose veins, as we mentioned earlier, are dilatations of the veins that are almost always placed on the legs, causing sometimes painful pain and aesthetically unpleasant swelling.
These are dilations of small blood-red blood cells that are due to an inflammatory process of the skin and are very similar to the spider’s web.
Hemorrhoids are soft bearings located in the straight line of the rectum. Often they cause discomfort and pain preventing the normal running of daily activities. Even in this case the doctor may choose this type of treatment.
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How is the session of sclerotherapy?
The doctor will accommodate the patient on a canteen and will disinfect alcohol with the area to be treated. Sclerosis injections are characterized by the presence of a very thin needle and last for about 10-15 minutes. When the injections are over, the doctor will massage the treated area and apply an elastic stocking. The stocking will effect compression on the treated area by reducing the pain and avoiding venous or hematoma cracking. If the patient should notice a swelling that tends not to regress, feel itching, or notice a change in color of the foot that may become dark or very clear, he / she must immediately notice his / her doctor. Generally, the stocking will be worn for the first two weeks after surgery and may be removed after about 48 hours after treatment.
The number of injections will depend solely on the size and amount of malformed veins.
Do sclerosis injections cause pain?
Sclerosis injections may cause slight pain, but it can be tolerated. If you experience excessive pain during treatment, your doctor will check for any irregularities in the use of the sclerosis solution.
Once the injections are complete, the patient is monitored and kept under control for about 15 minutes. After that, he can resume walking and performing his normal functions.
Contraindications of sclerosis injections
Sclerosis injections do not present severe contraindications. However, side effects such as:
We swam in the area under the sclerosis injection, the area is very inflammatory and does not improve, so the doctor will evaluate the prescription of anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.
Air bubbles in the blood: Sometimes they are asymptomatic, other times they can cause vision problems, nausea and vomiting. If you experience certain symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.
Allergic reactions to the applied sclerosis solution.
Blood clots: Hinder blood passage and sometimes result in the development of a thrombosis which could in turn cause pulmonary embolism.
In addition, sclerotherapy is contraindicated in women who are pregnant, in diabetic subjects with renal disease, who have suffered from thrombosis, bronchial asthma, or who suffer from pathologies such as idiopathic or hepatitis.
In any case, once treatment is complete, the physician will undertake targeted and planned controls to monitor the status of the treated area.
The results of sclerotherapy
The results of sclerotherapy depend closely on the type of vein on which the treatment was applied.
Generally, important and large blood vessels are observed after about 3-4 months of treatment. In the case of small blood vessels the results can be noticed after two or three weeks. However, in some cases it may be necessary to repeat the treatment again by subjecting the sclerosis injections.
Advantages and disadvantages of sclerotherapy
The effectiveness of sclerosis injections depends on the nature of the veins, so in some cases the results are brilliant, in others, while reducing the size of the veins, with the passing of time they may reappear or form new malformed veins. Therefore, very often the doctor after removing the malformed veins might recommend maintenance therapy. Therefore, on the one hand, sclerotherapy has the advantage that can be performed in the outpatient clinic and does not require any anesthesia at the same time it has the disadvantage of not ensuring a definitive resolution of the problem.