The blood pressure is a fairly common disease that, if underestimated, can greatly increase the risk factors to health or even death.
15% of the population suffer from this disease, mainly affects adults and in greater shape women after menopause.
But how can you tell if you suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure? Today in our blog, we will help you to understand how to recognize cases of hypertension.
Hypertension: invisible symptoms
As anticipated, hypertension is a common disease, which can cause serious problems such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, strokes, kidney failure.
When it comes to pressure, it is the force exerted by blood against the walls of the arteries, so if the pressure is high, the force will be greater than the standard values. If the pressure stays high for too long, the entire body could suffer major damage.
Recognize the cases high blood pressure is not easy, because the symptoms are invisible and are very often subjective, so that you can suffer from high blood pressure without knowing it. For this reason, it is essential to measure the pressure very often, even when you feel good. If your blood pressure is higher than normal, you need to follow a special therapy to reduce parameters.
Advancing age increases the cases of high blood pressure, but a healthy lifestyle, accompanied by a frequent monitoring of blood pressure is the best way to prevent the disorder.
How to recognize high blood pressure
Measure correctly and periodically the pressure is then unavoidable.
But how do you measure the pressure? Supine or sitting, with his arm resting on a table and in a comfortable position, using the blood pressure monitor according to the instructions or guidance that we provided to you in a this our previous article. Once measured the pressure, you’ll get two numbers that correspond to the maximum pressure (systolic pressure) during the heartbeat and the minimum pressure (diastolic pressure) when the heart is at rest between two heartbeats.
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The following is a table of the normal pressure values in adults:
- Normal: Smaller than 120 the maximum and less than the minimum 80;
- Prehypertension: Between 120 and 139 or the maximum between 80 and 89 minimum;
- Hypertension Grade 1: Between 140 and 159 maximum or between 90 and 99 minimum;
- Hypertension Grade 2: More than 160 the maximum or more than 100 minimum;
Remember that if you are in therapy for the treatment of hypertension and values of your measurements totaled about normal values, does not mean being completely healed: only the doctor who follows your therapy, will confirm you the actual healing.
The symptoms that accumulation people with hypertension in an advanced state are dizziness, skidding, nose bleeds, severe headache.
Risk factors for high blood pressure
Very often you cannot prevent hypertension, as there are physiological and natural factors that cause the disorder and impossible to prevent.
Among the major risk factors:
- Family history
- Overweight or obesity
- Excess salt
- Potassium lack
- Lack of vitamin D
If you need a pressure gauge to monitor the change of values, you will find a wide range of choice of measuring arm or wrist, the best brands on the market.